Algeria
Location
Northwest Africa
National websites
Algeria Online
Embassy / Chancery in U.S.
 Algerian Chancery
2118 Kaloram Rd.
NW Washington, D.C.  20008
Agencies responsible for biological inventory and conservation  
Non-governmental organizations concerned with conservation  
Major Natural Resources Algeria has the fifth-largest reserves of natural gas in the world and is the second largest gas exporter; it ranks fourteenth for oil reserves.  Besides natural gas, Algeria main industries consist of petroleum, light industires, mining, extrical, petrochemical, and food processing.  Its main agricultural products are wheat, barley, oats, grapes, olives, citrus, fruits; sheep, and cattle.
Major Environmental and Conservation Issues As in most of Africa, desertification is the major problem facing the environment of Algeria.  Poor farming practices such as overgrazing are leading to soil erosion.  Rivers and coastal waters are becoming extremely polluted due to the dumping of raw sewage, petroleum refining wastes, and other industrial toxins.  These dumping practices are particularly affecting the Mediterranean Sea, which is being polluted with oil wastes and fertilizer runoff, and the soil that erodes from overgrazing also contributes to the pollution in the sea.  All this, plus the ever-present desertification, is leaving Algeria with an inadequate supply of drinkable water.  Finally, Algeria has not reached the ideal worldwide goal of having 10% of its land protected.
Statistics Information Sources
Land area
2,381,740 sq. km.
http://www.odci.gov/cia/publications/factbook/ag.html
Area of forest
47,634 sq. km.
http://www.odci.gov/cia/publications/factbook/ag.html
Area of wetlands  
Area of territorial waters
12 nm
http://www.odci.gov/cia/publications/factbook/ag.html
Population: 
30,480,793 
Density:
12.7 /Sq. km


 http://www.odci.gov/cia/publications/factbook/ag.html
Area protected (ha) (only areas >1000ha) at all IUCN levels:
5,891,000 ha
Fraction of land area protected (%):
2.5%
http://www.wri.org/wri/sdis/ctr_std/cs_afri.html
Major Protected Areas
List of Major Protected Areas
Information Center for the Environment
Endemic Species
Mammals
2
Birds
1
Reptiles
4
Amphibians
0
Fish  
Invertebrates  
Plants
250
http://www.wri.org/wri/sdis/data_tbl/ 
(in the Biodiversity pdf table)
Endangered, Threatened and Vulnerable Species
Mammals
15
Birds
8
Reptiles
1
Amphibians
0
Fish
1
Invertebrates
11
Plants
141

Complete Plant Listing

World Conservation Monitoring Centre - Animal 

World Conservation Monitoring Centre - Plants

Extinct Species
Mammals
2
Birds
0
Reptiles
0
Amphibians
0
Fish
0
Invertebrates
0
Plants
0

Complete Plant Listing

World Conservation Monitoring Centre - Animal 

World Conservation Monitoring Centre - Plants

Species listed on CITES Appendices



CITES-listed Species Database
Legislation
Laws protecting endangered or threatened species  
Laws protecting endangered ecosystems  
Signatory to CITES
February 21, 1984
Signatory to Ramsar Wetlands Convention
March 4, 1984
Signatory to Convention on Biological Diversity 
June 13, 1992
Signatory to Migratory Bird Treaty
Not a member
Member of International Whaling Commission
Not a member
Signatory to other international treaties designed to protect or manage biological resources
Agreement for the Establishment of a General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean

Convention for the Establishment of the European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organisation

International Plant Protection Convention

International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea

          African Convention on the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

Agreement for Establishing the Arab Agriculture Development Organization

Agreement for the Establishment of a Commission for Controlling the Desert Locust in North-West Africa

Convention on Wetlands of International Importance especially as Waterfowl Habitat

Amendments to the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution of the Sea by Oil ,1954,concerning the Protection of the Great Barrier Reef

Protocol for the Prevention of Pollution of the Mediterranean Sea by Dumping from Ships and Aircraft

Convention for the Protection of the Mediterranean Sea against Pollution

Convention on the Prohibition of Military or any other Hostile Use of Environmental Modification Techniques

          Protocol concerning Mediterranean Specially Protected Areas

Protocol for the Protection of the Mediterranean Sea against Pollution from Land-Based Sources

United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea

International Convention to Combat Desertification in those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought and/or Desertification, particularly in Africa

          Protocol Concerning Specially Protected Areas and Biological Diversity in the Mediterranean

Natural Resource Use Information Sources
Fisheries
Freshwater fish production = 460,000 metric tonnes
Marine fish catch = 90,000 tonnes (1993)
http://www.wri.org/wri/sdis/ctr_std/cs_afri.html
Forestry / deforestation
2,383,000 cubic meters of roundwood produced; none was exported (1993)
http://www.wri.org/wri/sdis/ctr_std/cs_afri.html
Ecotourism
Trade in wildlife products
Hunting
Other uses of natural resources
Human Impacts on Natural Resources Information Sources
Air pollution
Water pollution Runoff from desertification and poor farming practices increases the siltation of the Mediterranean.  The dumping of raw sewage and wastes created in the refinement of petroleum, one of Algeria's major industires.
Development activities
Introduced species
Legislation addressing these issues
Restoration and Reintroduction Information Sources
Programs for restoration of damaged habitat 
Programs for ex situ conservation (captive breeding and reintroduction) of endangered species

Return to Endangered Species Protection around the World

Page compiled by Matt Hauske as part of a class project in h90 "The Science of Biodiversity and Conservation" (Peter J. Bryant, Instructor), University of California, Irvine, Irvine, CA 92697, USA