Andorra
Location Southwestern Europe, in the mountains between France and Spain
National websites http://www.andorra.ad/govern/governuk.html
http://www.turisme.ad/angles/angles.htm
Embassy / Chancery in U.S. none
Agencies responsible for biological inventory and conservation
Olga Adellach
Minister of Agriculture and the Environment
Andorra la Vella
Andorra
Non-governmental organizations concerned with conservation ADN - Associacio per a la Defensa de la Natura (Association for the Defence of Nature)
Apartado de Correus Espanyols 96
Andorra la Vella
Major Natural Resources Andorra is a very small country situated in the Pyrenees Mountains, so the country's natural resources are limited to what can be gathered from that terrain. They have hydropower and mineral water from the mountain streams and rivers. They have timber from the forest-covered mountains. They can also gather iron ore and lead from the rocky mountain terrain.
Major Environmental and Conservation Issues Andorra's environmental and conservation issues also are directly related to the terrain. Andorra is concerned about the deforestation of ti's remaining 99 sq km of forest. This is a difficult issue becuase timber is one of the country's only exportable goods. It is also concerned with the overgrazing of their mountain meadows (meadows and pastures make up 56% of the total land area). This overgrazing leads to soil erosion of te hillsides. Due to the fact that the country has so little arable land agricultural production is limited and the majority of hte country's food has to be imported.
Statistics Information Sources
Land area 468 sq km http://www.studyweb.com
Area of forest 99 sq km http://www.studyweb.com
Area of wetlands data unknown
Area of territorial waters 0 sq km http://www.studyweb.com
Population: 65,877 Density: 140.7/Sq. km

  

Area protected (ha) (only areas >1000ha) at all IUCN levels: amount too small to be listed Fraction of land area protected (%): amount too small to be listed 1996 Global Protected Areas Summary Statistics
Major Protected Areas

List of Major Protected Areas

Search by Country (Information Center for the Environment)

Information Center for the Environment
Endemic Species
Mammals data unknown
Birds data unknown
Reptiles data unknown
Amphibians data unknown
Fish data unknown
Invertebrates data unknown
Plants data unknown
Endangered, Threatened and Vulnerable Species
Mammals 0
Birds 0
Reptiles 0
Amphibians 0
Fish 0
Invertebrates 2
Plants data unknown


Complete Plant Listing

World Conservation Monitoring Centre - Animal 

World Conservation Monitoring Centre - Plants

Extinct Species
Mammals 0
Birds 0
Reptiles 0
Amphibians 0
Fish 0
Invertebrates 0
Plants 0


Complete Plant Listing

World Conservation Monitoring Centre - Animal 

World Conservation Monitoring Centre - Plants

Species listed on CITES Appendices


CITES-listed Species Database
Legislation
Laws protecting endangered or threatened species data unknown
Laws protecting endangered ecosystems Agreement relating to the Implementation of Part XI of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea of 10 December 1982
Signatory to CITES Not a signitory
Signatory to Ramsar Wetlands Convention Not a Signitory
Signatory to Convention on Biological Diversity  1996
Signatory to Migratory Bird Treaty not a signitory
Member of International Whaling Commission Not a member
Signatory to other international treaties designed to protect or manage biological resources Member of United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
Natural Resource Use Information Sources
Fisheries None, landlocked
Forestry / deforestation Forest and woodland comprise 22% of land use. http://www.studyweb.com
Ecotourism "An estimated 13 million tourists visit annually, attracted by Andorra's duty-free status and by its summer and winter resorts."
Tourists also go to Andorra to see the beautiful mountain scenery.
www.studyweb.com
Mountain
Trade in wildlife products Sheep and tobacco products are exported by Andorra. www.studyweb.com
Hunting data unknown
Other uses of natural resources data unknown
Human Impacts on Natural Resources Information Sources
Air pollution Andorra is a rugged mountain country with very little problem with air pollution. Andorra Geography
Water pollution Andorra is a rugged mountain country with very little problem with water pollution. The population is not large enough to heavily pollute the mountain streams. Andorra Geography
Development activities data unknown
Introduced species data unknown
Legislation addressing these issues data unknown, but I highly doubt any laws exist.
Restoration and Reintroduction Information Sources
Programs for restoration of damaged habitat  data unknown
Programs for ex situ conservation (captive breeding and reintroduction) of endangered species data unknown

Return to Endangered Species Protection around the World

Page compiled by Cayci Suitt as part of a class project in h90 "The Science of Biodiversity and Conservation" (Peter J. Bryant, Instructor), University of California, Irvine, Irvine, CA 92697, USA