Cambodia
Location Southeastern Asia, bordering the Gulf of Thailand, between Thailand, Vietnam, and Laos
National websites Cambodia Web
Embassy / Chancery in U.S.  Royal Embassy of Cambodia to the United States of America 4500 16th Street NW, Washington D.C. 20011. Telephone: (202) 726-7742 or FAX: (202) 726-8381
Agencies responsible for biological inventory and conservation Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry & Fisheries, Address : Norodom Blvd., Phnom Penh Phone : 023 - 427 320 Fax : (+855 23) 427 320 and the Ministry of Environment, Address : Sihanouk Blvd., Phnom Penh Phone : 023 - 426 814 Fax : (+855 23) 427 844
Non-governmental organizations concerned with conservation Cambodia Community Outreach Project (CCOP)
Major Natural Resources Cambodia's natural resources include many kinds of minerals and timber. The food industry utilizes inland and coastal fisheries, and various conditions which are suited to a wide range of crops and livestock. The country also has access to one of the most important rivers in Asia, the Mekong. The Mekong River has great potential for irrigation and the generation of hydroelectricity.
Major Environmental and Conservation Issues  Cambodia is subject to natural hazards such as monsoonal rains from June to November, flooding, and occasional droughts. Some of the current issues effecting the environment of Cambodia are logging activities throughout the country and strip mining for gems in the western region along the border of Thailand. These activities are resulting in habitat loss and declining biodiversity. In particular, the destruction of mangrove swamps is threatening to natural fisheries. Other problems include rapid deforestation, and soil erosion. In rural areas a majority of the population does not have access to potable water. Due to the increasing popularity of high-yield rice varieties as a substitute for local rice varieties there is a risk of loss of agrobiological diversity. Furthermore, the use of pesticides is increasing causing damage to wetlands and the fish population.
Statistics Information Sources
Land area 176,520 sq km
Area of forest 116,503 Sq. km
Area of wetlands 52,956 Sq. km
Area of territorial waters 4,520 sq km
Population: 11,339,562 Density: 64.2/Sq. km

  

Area protected (ha) (only areas >1000ha) at all IUCN levels:2,997,750 ha World Conservation Monitering Centre Fraction of land area protected (%):16.56 World Conservation Monitering Centre
Major Protected Areas The Royal Government of Cambodia has designated 23 areas as national parks, wildlife sanctuaries, protected landscapes, or multiple-use areas. These total 3,327,200 ha or about 19% of the land surface, one of the highest proportions in South-East Asia

List of Major Protected Areas

Endemic Species
Mammals  
Birds  
Reptiles  
Amphibians  
Fish  
Invertebrates  
Plants  
Endangered, Threatened and Vulnerable Species
Mammals 23
Birds 18
Reptiles 9
Amphibians 0
Fish 5
Invertebrates 0
Plants 5


Complete Plant Listing

World Conservation Monitoring Centre - Animal 

World Conservation Monitoring Centre - Plants

Extinct Species
Mammals 0
Birds 0
Reptiles 0
Amphibians 0
Fish 0
Invertebrates 0
Plants 792


Complete Plant Listing

World Conservation Monitoring Centre - Animal 

World Conservation Monitoring Centre - Plants

Species listed on CITES Appendices


CITES-listed Species Database
Legislation
Laws protecting endangered or threatened species
Laws protecting endangered ecosystems
Signatory to CITES 10/2/97
Signatory to Ramsar Wetlands Convention Not a member
Signatory to Convention on Biological Diversity  2/9/95
Signatory to Migratory Bird Treaty
Member of International Whaling Commission
Signatory to other international treaties designed to protect or manage biological resources party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Marine Life Conservation, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 94 signed, but not ratified: Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping
Natural Resource Use Information Sources
Fisheries three main sectors: the Great Lake or Tonle Sap, rivers, streams and flooded areas, and offshore marine fishing. SD Dimensions
Forestry / deforestation uncontrolled deforestation One World
Ecotourism There is very little tourism in Cambodia as of now Embassy.org
Trade in wildlife products Mammals traded include tiger, Panthera tigris, leopard, P. pardus, clouded leopard, Neofelis nebulosa, Asian elephant, Elephus maximus, Asiatic black bear, Selenarctos thibetanus, Malayan sun bear, Helarctos malayanus, pangolin, Manis javanica, banteng, Bos javanicus, and gaur, B. gaurus, as well as reptiles (e.g. Siamese crocodile, Crocodylus siamensis, reticulated python, Python reticulatus, and various freshwater turtles), and birds (e.g. Sarus Crane, Grus antigone, and, at least historically, Giant Ibis, Pseudibis gigantea). Oriental Bird Club
Hunting Subsistance Hunting and Explotation Oriental Bird Club
Other uses of natural resources timber, gemstones, some iron ore, manganese, phosphates, hydropower potential CIA Publications
Human Impacts on Natural Resources Information Sources
Air pollution
Water pollution
Development activities
Introduced species
Legislation addressing these issues
Restoration and Reintroduction Information Sources
Programs for restoration of damaged habitat 
Programs for ex situ conservation (captive breeding and reintroduction) of endangered species Cambodia Tiger Conservation STF Projects

Return to Endangered Species Protection around the World

Page compiled by Kyle Lothringer as part of a class project in h90 "The Science of Biodiversity and Conservation" (Peter J. Bryant, Instructor), University of California, Irvine, Irvine, CA 92697, USA