Rainforest Degradation


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Costa Rican primary rainforest.

Middle elevation rainforest
in southern Costa Rica.

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Section of clearcut rainforest.Exposed topsoil erodes,
resulting in only poor subsoils for planting crops.

Merging of two rivers - one with erosional runoff from clearcutting, the other from undisturbed virgin rainforest.

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North end of study farm upon purchase in 1992, showing cattle trails and overgrazing.

Southeast end of study farm in amphitheater area, showing cattle trails and overgrazing.

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Study farm upon purchase in 1992, showing the red-orange "hell hole" #1 eroded to bedrock.

Hell hole #1 5 years after planting.
7 species were planted here in our Trials '94 experiment.
Only the pine on right of picture did well.


[R.A.I.N.] [Dr. Lynn Carpenter]