Location In southern Africa, with its west coast bordering the South Atlantic Ocean.
National websites  

Embassy / Chancery in U.S.  Ambassador Tukiameni Kalomoh, 1605 New Hampshire Ave. NW, Washington, DC 20009
Agencies responsible for biological inventory and conservation Ministry of Trade and Industry, Private Bag 13340, Windhoek 9900, Namibia

Directorate of Environmental Affairs-

Working Groups- National Wetlands Working Group, Terrestrial Biomonitoring Focal Group, Marine and Coastal Working Group, Traditional Knowledge Focal Group, Mapping and GIS Working Group, Agricultural Biodiversity Focal Group, Biotrade Focal Group, Forest Biodiversity Focal Group, Namibian Biotehnology Alliance, Clearing-house Mechanism Subgroup, Finance Committee, Biodiversity Information System Unit and Biosystematics Working Group

Non-governmental organizations concerned with conservation Cheetah Conservation Fund, P O Box 247, Windhoek, Namibia

Common Market of East and West Africa

Desert Research Fund of Namibia

International Fund for Animal Welfare (IFAW)

Namibia Animal Rehabilitation, Research and Education Centre, P O Box 11232, Windhoek, Namibia

Namibia Nature Foundation, P O Box 245, Windhoek, Namibia

Namibia Professional Hunting Association, P O Box 11291, Windhoek, Namibia

National Marine Information and Research Centre, P O Box 912, Swakopmund, Namibia

Save the Rhino Trust Fund, , P O Box 22691, Windhoek, Namibia

World Wildlife Fund, P O Box 9681, Windhoek, Namibia

Major Natural Resources   Namibia has an abundance of precious stones, minerals, metals, oil and natural gas. Cattle are a large part of the Namibian economy. There is also a lot of access to fish and marine animals because of Namibia's extensive coastline. The wildlife is also diverse and interesting, with animals such as rhinos, cheetahs, elephants, and birds.

Major Environmental and Conservation Issues Namibia does not have very much fresh water, and water is limited, causing a lot of competition for it among humans and animals. Water pollution, therefore, is a main concern to the country because the water is already limited. Pollution is a key issue, since Namibia is becoming more and more developed economically, and there is more and more waste generated, especially chemical waste. The businesses and the government is still struggling with the problem of disposing of all this new waste in a proper manner. Urbanization is another issue, with the population increase, and it is closely linked to desertification. People are letting their cattle overgraze, which leads to desertification, perhaps the most crucial issue.

Statistics Information Sources
Land area 825,418 Sq. km.
Area of forest 34,362ha
Area of wetlands 629,600ha  
Area of territorial waters 0, but 12 nm of territorial sea
Population:  1,674,000 Sq. km. Density: 2/Sq. km.
Area protected (ha) (only areas >1000ha) at all IUCN levels: 3626ha Fraction of land area protected (%):11%
Major Protected Areas List of Major Protected Areas - Ai-Ais Hot Springs, Cape Cross Seal, Caprivi, Daan Viljoen, Etosha , Hardap Recreational Resort,  Khaudom,  Mahango,  Mamili,  Mudumu,  Namib Naukluft,  National Diamond Coast, National West Coast Tourist,  Naute Recreational Resort, Skeleton Coast , Von Bach Recreational Resort, Waterberg Plateau
Endemic Species
Endangered, Threatened and Vulnerable Species
 11 World Conservation Monitoring Centre - Animal 

World Conservation Monitoring Centre - Plants

Birds  8
Reptiles  3
Amphibians  1
Fish  3
Invertebrates  1
Plants  5

Complete Plant Listing

Extinct Species
 0 World Conservation Monitoring Centre - Animal

World Conservation Monitoring Centre - Plants

Birds  0
Reptiles  0
Amphibians  0
Fish  1
Invertebrates  0
Plants  1

Complete Plant Listing

Species listed on CITES Appendices

11 species

140 species

CITES-listed Species Database
Laws protecting endangered or threatened species Parks and Wildlife Act

Laws protecting endangered ecosystems Environmental Management Act, Parks and Wildlife Act

Signatory to CITES 3/18/
Signatory to Ramsar Wetlands Convention 12/23/
Signatory to Convention on Biological Diversity  5/16/
Signatory to Migratory Bird Treaty
Member of International Whaling Commission No
Signatory to other international treaties designed to protect or manage biological resources  Subcommittee of Forestry Fisheries And Wildlife of SADCC (Southern African Development Community)

5/16/97 UNCDD (UN Convention to Combat Desertification)

4/18/83 UN Convention on the Law of the Sea

Natural Resource Use Information Sources
Fisheries Fishing accounts for a main part of the economy, with 5,241,000 tons of freshwater, and 28,358,000 tons of marine annual catch.
Forestry / deforestation $2 million in wood exports are harvested annually.
Ecotourism Tourism is steadily growing, bringing in more and more income for the past few years. It now exceeds the manufacturing industry in profit.
Trade in wildlife products  



Hunting Elephants and seals are animals that are popular to hunt.

The Fight for Survival: Four Decades of Conserving Africa’s Rhinos

Other uses of natural resources
Human Impacts on Natural Resources Information Sources
Air pollution
Water pollution Development brings with it pollution, and threatens the survival of many wildlife animals by contaminating and taking up their water supply.
Development activities Urbanization, overcrowding, and population growth have caused a lot of development. The development activity is damaging wildlife, and the greatest threat is desertification due to the overgrazing of cattle, which is one of Namibia’s main sources of income.
Introduced species
Legislation addressing these issues The Resource Economics Programme that deals with preserving the environment, and Pollution Control and Waste Management Act, which deals with chemical waste management.

Restoration and Reintroduction Information Sources
Programs for restoration of damaged habitat 
Programs for ex situ conservation (captive breeding and reintroduction) of endangered species The Northern Namibia Environment Project manages wildlife reintroduction programs.

The Grey Crowned Crane of Namibia is being bred and set free into the wild.


Return to Endangered Species Protection around the World

Page compiled by Kay Fung as part of a class project in h90 "The Science of Biodiversity and Conservation" (Peter J. Bryant, Instructor), University of California, Irvine, Irvine, CA 92697, USA