The Islamic Republic of Iran
Location The Middle East
National websites Salam Iran
Embassy / Chancery in U.S.  Iranian Interests Section 2209 Wisconsin Avenue NW, Washington DC 20007
Agencies responsible for biological inventory and conservation Department of Environment P.O. Box 15875 I.R. Iran, Tel 9821-890-3720
Non-governmental organizations concerned with conservation  
Major Natural Resources Iran's major mineral resources are coal, chromium, copper, iron ore, lead, manganese, zinc, and sulfur. Iran is a major producer of natural gas and petroleum.
Major Environmental and Conservation Issues  There is air pollution in Iran, especially in urban areas, due to vehicle emissions. Refinery operations and industrial waste also deposit large amouts of chemicals and particle matter into the environment. Deforestation, overgrazing and desertification all contribute to the destruction of plant and animal habitats on the land. Oil pollution, in the form of spills or run off, makes its way into the Persian Gulf, disturbing the plants and animals that live within it. Due to this kind of pollution, Iran has inadequate supplies of potable water. In addition to man made problems, Iran experiences periodic droughts, floods, dust storms, sandstorms, earthquakes along western border and in the northeast.
Statistics Information Sources
Land area 1,636,000 Sq. km Salam Iran
Area of forest 11,400,000 ha Sustainable Development
Area of wetlands 1,357,150 ha Nearctica
Area of territorial waters 12,000 Sq. km Salam Iran
Population 67,540,002 Salam Iran
Population Density 41.28/Sq. km Salam Iran
Area protected (ha) (only areas >1000ha) at all IUCN levels 8,299,566 ha World Conservation Monitering Centre
Fraction of land area protected (%) 5.04% World Conservation Monitering Centre
Major Protected Areas

Arasbaran Protected Area, Arjan Protected Area, Geno Protected Area, Golestan National Park Iran, Hara Protected Area, Kavir National Park, Lake Oromeeh National Park, Miankaleh Protected Area and the Touran Protected Area


List from Information Center for the Environment
Endemic Species
Mammals  
Birds  
Reptiles  
Amphibians  
Fish  
Invertebrates  
Plants  
 
Endangered, Threatened and Vulnerable Species
Mammals 20
Birds 14
Reptiles 8
Amphibians 2
Fish 7
Invertebrates 3
Plants 2


Complete Plant Listing

World Conservation Monitoring Centre - Animal 

World Conservation Monitoring Centre - Plants

Extinct Species
Mammals 1
Birds 0
Reptiles 0
Amphibians 0
Fish 0
Invertebrates 0
Plants 100


Complete Plant Listing

World Conservation Monitoring Centre - Animal 

World Conservation Monitoring Centre - Plants

Species listed on CITES Appendix I


 

CITES-listed Species Database
Species listed on CITES Appendix II


CITES-listed Species Database
Legislation
Laws protecting endangered or threatened species the Fair Water Distribution Act (1983) the Act of the Establishment of Water and Wastewater Companies the Environmental Protection and Enhancement Act (1974) the Prevention of Water Pollution Regulation (1994) the Qabat and Well Excavation Regulation (1984)
Laws protecting endangered ecosystems  
Signatory to CITES 8/3/76
Signatory to Ramsar Wetlands Convention 2/2/71
Signatory to Convention on Biological Diversity  8/6/96
Signatory to Migratory Bird Treaty
Member of International Whaling Commission Not a Member
Signatory to other international treaties designed to protect or manage biological resources party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation
Natural Resource Use Information Sources
Fisheries Caspian Sea and the Persian Gulf Cyber Iran
Forestry / deforestation commercial production of oak, beech, maple, Siberian elm, ash, walnut, ironwood, alder, basswood, and fig Cyber Iran
Ecotourism tours of landscape and wildlife safari Info Hub
Trade in wildlife products Caviar Cyber Iran
Hunting Red Sheep,Persian Ibex,Urial Sheep, Isphahan Sheep and wild Boar Info Hub
Other uses of natural resources petroleum, natural gas, coal, chromium, copper, iron ore, lead, manganese, zinc, sulfur CIA Publications
Human Impacts on Natural Resources Information Sources
Air pollution CO levels very high in Tehran Air Quality Control Company
Water pollution Oil pollution in the Persian Gulf Mother Jones
Development activities Oil Mining EIA
Introduced species    
Legislation addressing these issues    
Restoration and Reintroduction Information Sources
Programs for restoration of damaged habitat     
Programs for ex situ conservation (captive breeding and reintroduction) of endangered species    

Return to Endangered Species Protection around the World

Page compiled by Kyle Lothringer as part of a class project in h90 "The Science of Biodiversity and Conservation" (Peter J. Bryant, Instructor), University of California, Irvine, Irvine, CA 92697, USA